#IFECompound(s)RNA source organismTitleMethodResolutionDate
14YCO|1|D (rep)tRNApheEscherichia coliE. coli dihydrouridine synthase C (DusC) in complex with tRNAPheX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.12015-04-22
22ZXU|1|CtRNA(Phe)Escherichia coliCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe) and DMASPPX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.752009-05-26
32ZM5|1|CtRNA(Phe)Escherichia coliCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552009-04-14
44YCO|1|EtRNApheEscherichia coliE. coli dihydrouridine synthase C (DusC) in complex with tRNAPheX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.12015-04-22
53FOZ|1|CtRNA(Phe)Structure of E. coli Isopentenyl-tRNA transferase in complex with E. coli tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.52009-01-20
63L0U|1|AUnmodified tRNAPheThe crystal structure of unmodified tRNAPhe from Escherichia coliX-RAY DIFFRACTION32010-03-16
74YCO|1|FtRNApheEscherichia coliE. coli dihydrouridine synthase C (DusC) in complex with tRNAPheX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.12015-04-22
84V5E|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES), MRNAEscherichia coliInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.452014-07-09
94V9D|1|BVphenylalanine specific transfer RNA, messenger RNAEscherichia coliStructures of the bacterial ribosome in classical and hybrid states of tRNA bindingX-RAY DIFFRACTION32014-07-09
103FOZ|1|DtRNA(Phe)Structure of E. coli Isopentenyl-tRNA transferase in complex with E. coli tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.52009-01-20
113JCE|1|6tRNA, mRNAsynthetic constructStructure of Escherichia coli EF4 in pretranslocational ribosomes (Pre EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.22016-01-13
124V5D|1|AVP AND A-SITE PHE-TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.52014-07-09
134V5D|1|CVP AND A-SITE PHE-TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.52014-07-09
144V9C|1|AVPhenylalanine specific transfer RNA, tRNA-Phe, Messenger RNA, mRNAEscherichia coliAllosteric control of the ribosome by small-molecule antibioticsX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
154V5Q|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
164WOI|1|DWPhenylalanine specific transfer RNA, tRNA-Phe, Messenger RNAEscherichia coli4,5-linked aminoglycoside antibiotics regulate the bacterial ribosome by targeting dynamic conformational processes within intersubunit bridge B2X-RAY DIFFRACTION32015-08-05
174V5P|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
184V5S|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
194V5L|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe structure of EF-Tu and aminoacyl-tRNA bound to the 70S ribosome with a GTP analogX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
204V5P|1|CVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
214Z3S|1|2wA/E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.652015-06-03
222ZM5|1|DtRNA(Phe)Escherichia coliCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552009-04-14
234V6F|1|CCTRNA-PHE WITH UNMODIFIED NUCLEOTIDES EXCEPT FOR MIA37, MRNAEscherichia coliElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
244V5J|1|CVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES), MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
254W2F|1|AWA/P-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.42014-10-15
265AFI|1|yA/T-site Phe-tRNAPhe, mRNAEscherichia coli2.9A Structure of E. coli ribosome-EF-TU complex by cs-corrected cryo-EMELECTRON MICROSCOPY2.92015-03-11
274V5R|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
284V5E|1|CVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES), MRNAEscherichia coliInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.452014-07-09
294V5Q|1|CVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
304V5R|1|CVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
315DOY|1|1wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62015-12-30
324V6L|1|AEA/T-site tRNA PheEscherichia coliStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY13.22014-07-09
332ZXU|1|DtRNA(Phe)Escherichia coliCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe) and DMASPPX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.752009-05-26
344V6F|1|BCTRNA-PHE WITH UNMODIFIED NUCLEOTIDES EXCEPT FOR MIA37, MRNAEscherichia coliElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
354Z3S|1|1wA/E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.652015-06-03
365J4B|1|1wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62016-04-27
374Y4P|1|1wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.52015-03-18
385IQR|1|6A/T tRNA(Phe), mRNAEscherichia coliStructure of RelA bound to the 70S ribosomeELECTRON MICROSCOPY32016-05-04
394V5S|1|CVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
404W2E|1|wP-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of Elongation Factor 4 (EF4/LepA) bound to the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.92014-10-01
414V9H|1|AVPE hybrid state tRNA Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the ribosome bound to elongation factor G in the guanosine triphosphatase stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.862014-07-09
421VY5|1|AWA-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-08-20
434V6K|1|BBA/T-site tRNA Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY8.252014-07-09
444V6K|1|BEA/T-site tRNA Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY8.252014-07-09
454WQU|1|BWP-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
464WQF|1|BWP-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
474WQU|1|DWP-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
484WQF|1|DWP-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
494V5J|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES), MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
505J4C|1|1wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82016-04-27
514Z3S|1|1yA/E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.652015-06-03
525DOY|1|1yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62015-12-30
535J4B|1|1yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62016-04-27
545DOY|1|2wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62015-12-30
554W2I|1|AWA/P-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.72014-10-15
561VY4|1|AYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62014-08-20
574W2E|1|xE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of Elongation Factor 4 (EF4/LepA) bound to the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.92014-10-01
583JCD|1|8tRNA, mRNAsynthetic constructStructure of Escherichia coli EF4 in posttranslocational ribosomes (Post EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.72016-01-13
595J4B|1|2yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62016-04-27
605J4C|1|2yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82016-04-27
614Y4P|1|2yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.52015-03-18
624V69|1|AWP-site tRNA fMet (Unmodified bases except for Thymine 54)Escherichia coliTernary complex-bound E.coli 70S ribosome.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY6.72014-07-09
634V7D|1|BWtRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA*EF-G structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.62014-07-09
644P6F|1|XWE-Site tRNA-Phe or A-Site tRNA-PheEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the peptolide 12C bound to bacterial ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.62014-10-01
655J4C|1|1yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82016-04-27
664W2G|1|AWA/P-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-10-15
671VY5|1|CWA-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-08-20
684WPO|1|DWA-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
694Y4P|1|2wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.52015-03-18
704V6F|1|CBTRNA-PHE WITH UNMODIFIED NUCLEOTIDES EXCEPT FOR MIA37, MRNAEscherichia coliElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
711VY4|1|AWA-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62014-08-20
724V4Y|1|ABtRNA PHE (unmodified bases), mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the 70S Thermus thermophilus ribosome with translocated and rotated Shine-Dalgarno Duplex.X-RAY DIFFRACTION5.52014-07-09
734V9D|1|AVphenylalanine specific transfer RNA, messenger RNAEscherichia coliStructures of the bacterial ribosome in classical and hybrid states of tRNA bindingX-RAY DIFFRACTION32014-07-09
744V7C|1|AWtRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.62014-07-09
754W2G|1|AYA/P-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-10-15
764W2F|1|AYA/P-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.42014-10-15
774WQU|1|BYP-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
784WPO|1|BYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
794WQF|1|BYP-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
804V4I|1|zP-site PHE-tRNA, MRNAEscherichia coliCrystal Structure of a 70S Ribosome-tRNA Complex Reveals Functional Interactions and Rearrangements.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.712014-07-09
811VY4|1|CWA-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62014-08-20
825J4B|1|2wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62016-04-27
834W2G|1|CWA/P-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-10-15
844V6F|1|BBTRNA-PHE WITH UNMODIFIED NUCLEOTIDES EXCEPT FOR MIA37, MRNAEscherichia coliElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
854V6F|1|BDTRNA-PHE WITH UNMODIFIED NUCLEOTIDES EXCEPT FOR MIA37, MRNAEscherichia coliElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
864V6F|1|CDTRNA-PHE WITH UNMODIFIED NUCLEOTIDES EXCEPT FOR MIA37, MRNAEscherichia coliElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
873J46|1|aA-tRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the SecY protein translocation channel in actionELECTRON MICROSCOPY10.12013-10-23
884Z3S|1|2yA/E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.652015-06-03
895DOY|1|2yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62015-12-30
904W2F|1|CYA/P-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.42014-10-15
911VY4|1|CYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.62014-08-20
924W2G|1|CYA/P-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-10-15
934V5G|1|AVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.62014-07-09
944V51|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR A-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES)Escherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome complexed with mRNA, tRNA and paromomycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82014-07-09
954V5G|1|CVE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.62014-07-09
964Y4P|1|1yA-site and E-site tRNAsEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.52015-03-18
974W2I|1|AYA/P-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.72014-10-15
981VY5|1|AYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-08-20
994W2I|1|CWA/P-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.72014-10-15
1004V4Y|1|ADtRNA PHE (unmodified bases), mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the 70S Thermus thermophilus ribosome with translocated and rotated Shine-Dalgarno Duplex.X-RAY DIFFRACTION5.52014-07-09
1014V9I|1|AWE-SITE tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of thermus thermophilus 70S in complex with tRNAs and mRNA containing a pseudouridine in a stop codonX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
1024V5D|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.52014-07-09
1034V5C|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
1044P6F|1|QWE-Site tRNA-Phe or A-Site tRNA-PheEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the peptolide 12C bound to bacterial ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.62014-10-01
1054V6L|1|ABA/T-site tRNA Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY13.22014-07-09
1064WPO|1|BWA-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
1074W2I|1|CYA/P-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.72014-10-15
1084WQU|1|DYP-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
1094WPO|1|DYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
1104WQF|1|DYP-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82015-01-28
1115J4C|1|2wA-site and E-site tRNAs, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82016-04-27
1124W2F|1|CWA/P-site tRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.42014-10-15
1134V4Y|1|ACtRNA PHE (unmodified bases), mRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the 70S Thermus thermophilus ribosome with translocated and rotated Shine-Dalgarno Duplex.X-RAY DIFFRACTION5.52014-07-09
1144V97|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR A-SITE tRNA PheEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G299A.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.522014-07-09
1154V5D|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.52014-07-09
1164V51|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR A-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES)Escherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome complexed with mRNA, tRNA and paromomycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82014-07-09
1171VY5|1|CYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.552014-08-20
1184WT1|1|3LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1194V8J|1|AWtRNA-PheEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G347U.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.92014-07-09
1203JCD|1|9tRNAsynthetic constructStructure of Escherichia coli EF4 in posttranslocational ribosomes (Post EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.72016-01-13
1214V5C|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
1223JBV|1|VRNA (76-MER), RNA (5'-R(P*CP*UP*GP*GP*CP*CP*CP*UP*CP*AP*A)-3')Escherichia coliMechanisms of Ribosome Stalling by SecM at Multiple Elongation StepsELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.322016-01-27
1234WSD|1|3LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.952015-06-10
1244V5Q|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1254V5E|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES)Escherichia coliInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.452014-07-09
1264WSD|1|1LtRNA-Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.952015-06-10
1274WSD|1|3KtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.952015-06-10
1284WT1|1|1KtRNA-Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1294WT1|1|1LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1304V7C|1|AVtRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.62014-07-09
1314V5P|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1324V5R|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1334V8J|1|CWtRNA-PheEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G347U.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.92014-07-09
1344V5P|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1354V97|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR A-SITE tRNA PheEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G299A.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.522014-07-09
1364V9I|1|CWE-SITE tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of thermus thermophilus 70S in complex with tRNAs and mRNA containing a pseudouridine in a stop codonX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
1374WRO|1|1LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1384V5D|1|AYP AND A-SITE PHE-TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.52014-07-09
1394V5J|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES)Escherichia coliStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1404V5D|1|CYP AND A-SITE PHE-TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.52014-07-09
1415IQR|1|4E-site tRNA(Phe)Escherichia coliStructure of RelA bound to the 70S ribosomeELECTRON MICROSCOPY32016-05-04
1424V5L|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe structure of EF-Tu and aminoacyl-tRNA bound to the 70S ribosome with a GTP analogX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1434V9C|1|CVPhenylalanine specific transfer RNA, tRNA-Phe, Messenger RNA, mRNAEscherichia coliAllosteric control of the ribosome by small-molecule antibioticsX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
1444WQR|1|3KtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.152015-06-10
1454WQR|1|3LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.152015-06-10
1463JCE|1|9tRNAsynthetic constructStructure of Escherichia coli EF4 in pretranslocational ribosomes (Pre EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.22016-01-13
1474V5S|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1484WOI|1|AXPhenylalanine specific transfer RNA, tRNA-Phe, Messenger RNAEscherichia coli4,5-linked aminoglycoside antibiotics regulate the bacterial ribosome by targeting dynamic conformational processes within intersubunit bridge B2X-RAY DIFFRACTION32015-08-05
1494V7D|1|BVtRNA, mRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA*EF-G structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.62014-07-09
1504V5R|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1514WQR|1|1KtRNA-Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.152015-06-10
1524V5C|1|CYA-SITE PHE-TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
1534WSD|1|1KtRNA-Phe, mRNAEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.952015-06-10
1544V5G|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.62014-07-09
1554V5G|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.62014-07-09
1564WRO|1|1KtRNA-Phe, RNA (30-MER)Escherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1574WRO|1|3KtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1584WRO|1|3LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1594V5J|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES)Escherichia coliStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1604WZO|1|3KtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-fMet and mRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32015-06-10
1614V5Q|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1624WQR|1|1LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.152015-06-10
1634WZO|1|3LtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-fMet and mRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32015-06-10
1644W2H|1|AYE-site tRNA Acceptor StemEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (co-crystallized), mRNA and deacylated tRNA in the P siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.72014-10-15
1654WT1|1|3KtRNA-PheEscherichia coliComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.052015-06-10
1664V5E|1|AWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHE (UNMODIFIED BASES)Escherichia coliInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.452014-07-09
1674V5C|1|AYA-SITE PHE-TRNA PHE, MRNAEscherichia coliStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.32014-07-09
1684V5S|1|CWE-SITE TRNA PHE OR P-SITE TRNA PHEEscherichia coliThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.12014-07-09
1691VY7|1|AYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing short substrate-mimic Cytidine-Cytidine-Puromycin in the A site and acylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82014-08-20
1701VY7|1|CYE-site tRNAEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing short substrate-mimic Cytidine-Cytidine-Puromycin in the A site and acylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.82014-08-20
1714W2H|1|CYE-site tRNA Acceptor StemEscherichia coliCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (co-crystallized), mRNA and deacylated tRNA in the P siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.72014-10-15

Release history

Release2.742.752.762.772.782.792.802.812.822.832.842.852.862.872.882.892.902.912.922.932.94
Date2016-05-062016-05-132016-05-202016-05-272016-06-032016-06-102016-06-172016-06-242016-07-012016-07-082016-07-152016-07-222016-07-292016-08-052016-08-122016-08-192016-08-262016-09-022016-09-092016-09-162016-09-23

Heat map of mutual geometric discrepancy, in Angstroms per nucleotide. Instances are ordered to put similar structures near each other. The colorbar ranges from 0 to the maximum observed discrepancy, up to 0.5

#S - ordering by similarity (same as in the heat map).
#SPDBTitleMethodResolutionLength
13FOZ|1|DStructure of E. coli Isopentenyl-tRNA transferase in complex with E. coli tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.569
21VY7|1|CYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing short substrate-mimic Cytidine-Cytidine-Puromycin in the A site and acylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.85
31VY7|1|AYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing short substrate-mimic Cytidine-Cytidine-Puromycin in the A site and acylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.85
44W2H|1|CYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (co-crystallized), mRNA and deacylated tRNA in the P siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.75
54W2H|1|AYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (co-crystallized), mRNA and deacylated tRNA in the P siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.718
64WQF|1|BYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.867
74WQU|1|BYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.867
84WPO|1|BYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.867
94W2E|1|xCrystal structure of Elongation Factor 4 (EF4/LepA) bound to the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.967
101VY4|1|AYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.667
111VY5|1|AYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5567
124W2I|1|AYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.767
134W2G|1|AYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5567
144W2F|1|AYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.467
154Y4P|1|1yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.567
165J4B|1|1yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.667
175J4C|1|1yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.867
185DOY|1|1yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.667
194Z3S|1|1yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.6567
204W2G|1|CYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5566
214W2I|1|CYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.766
221VY5|1|CYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5566
231VY4|1|CYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.666
244WQF|1|DYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.866
254WQU|1|DYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.866
264WPO|1|DYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.866
275DOY|1|2yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.666
284Z3S|1|2yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.6566
295J4C|1|2yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.866
305J4B|1|2yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.666
314Y4P|1|2yCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.566
324W2F|1|CYCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.466
334P6F|1|XWCrystal structure of the peptolide 12C bound to bacterial ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.676
344V97|1|CWCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G299A.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.5276
354V8J|1|CWCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G347U.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.976
364V51|1|CWStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome complexed with mRNA, tRNA and paromomycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.876
374V51|1|AWStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome complexed with mRNA, tRNA and paromomycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.876
384V5C|1|CWStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.376
394P6F|1|QWCrystal structure of the peptolide 12C bound to bacterial ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.676
404V97|1|AWCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G299A.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.5276
414V8J|1|AWCrystal structure of the bacterial ribosome ram mutation G347U.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.976
424V5C|1|AWStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.376
434V5D|1|CWStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.576
444V5D|1|AWStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.576
454V5E|1|CWInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.4576
464V9I|1|AWCrystal structure of thermus thermophilus 70S in complex with tRNAs and mRNA containing a pseudouridine in a stop codonX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.376
474V9I|1|CWCrystal structure of thermus thermophilus 70S in complex with tRNAs and mRNA containing a pseudouridine in a stop codonX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.376
484V5E|1|AWInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.4576
494V5J|1|CWStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
504V5J|1|AWStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
514V69|1|AWTernary complex-bound E.coli 70S ribosome.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY6.776
523JCE|1|9Structure of Escherichia coli EF4 in pretranslocational ribosomes (Pre EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.276
534V5Q|1|CWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
544V5S|1|CWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
554V5G|1|CWThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.676
564V5G|1|AWThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.676
574V5R|1|CWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
584V5R|1|AWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
594V5P|1|CWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
604V5P|1|AWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
614V5Q|1|AWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
624V5S|1|AWThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
634V5L|1|AWThe structure of EF-Tu and aminoacyl-tRNA bound to the 70S ribosome with a GTP analogX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
645IQR|1|4Structure of RelA bound to the 70S ribosomeELECTRON MICROSCOPY376
654V4Y|1|ADCrystal structure of the 70S Thermus thermophilus ribosome with translocated and rotated Shine-Dalgarno Duplex.X-RAY DIFFRACTION5.576
664WQR|1|3LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.1576
674WZO|1|3LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-fMet and mRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.370
684WRO|1|3LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0568
694WSD|1|3LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.9571
704WT1|1|3LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0576
714V6F|1|BDElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
724V6F|1|CDElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
734WSD|1|3KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.9572
744WQR|1|3KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.1576
754WT1|1|3KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0576
764WRO|1|3KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0568
774WZO|1|3KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-fMet and mRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.370
783JCE|1|6Structure of Escherichia coli EF4 in pretranslocational ribosomes (Pre EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.275
794YCO|1|FE. coli dihydrouridine synthase C (DusC) in complex with tRNAPheX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.171
804YCO|1|DE. coli dihydrouridine synthase C (DusC) in complex with tRNAPheX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.174
814YCO|1|EE. coli dihydrouridine synthase C (DusC) in complex with tRNAPheX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.167
824V6L|1|AEStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY13.266
834V6K|1|BEStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY8.2566
844WQF|1|BWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.869
854WQU|1|BWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.869
864WQU|1|DWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G trapped by the antibiotic dityromycinX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.869
874WQF|1|DWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G and fusidic acid in the post-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.869
884V6F|1|BCElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
894V6F|1|CCElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
904V9D|1|BVStructures of the bacterial ribosome in classical and hybrid states of tRNA bindingX-RAY DIFFRACTION376
914V9C|1|AVAllosteric control of the ribosome by small-molecule antibioticsX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.376
924WOI|1|DW4,5-linked aminoglycoside antibiotics regulate the bacterial ribosome by targeting dynamic conformational processes within intersubunit bridge B2X-RAY DIFFRACTION376
933JCD|1|8Structure of Escherichia coli EF4 in posttranslocational ribosomes (Post EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.776
944V5D|1|CVStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.575
954V5E|1|CVInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.4576
964V5E|1|AVInsights into translational termination from the structure of RF2 bound to the ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.4576
974V5J|1|CVStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
984V5J|1|AVStructure of the 70S ribosome bound to Release factor 2 and a substrate analog provides insights into catalysis of peptide releaseX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
994V5Q|1|CVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1004V5S|1|CVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1014V5R|1|AVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1024V5R|1|CVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and Trp-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1034V5P|1|CVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1044V5P|1|AVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and A9C-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1054V5Q|1|AVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a near- cognate codon on the 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1064V5S|1|AVThe crystal structure of EF-Tu and G24A-tRNA-Trp bound to a cognate codon on the 70S ribosome.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1074V5L|1|AVThe structure of EF-Tu and aminoacyl-tRNA bound to the 70S ribosome with a GTP analogX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.176
1084V5G|1|AVThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.676
1094V5G|1|CVThe crystal structure of the 70S ribosome bound to EF-Tu and tRNAX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.676
1104V5D|1|AVStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.575
1114W2E|1|wCrystal structure of Elongation Factor 4 (EF4/LepA) bound to the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosomeX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.968
1124V4I|1|zCrystal Structure of a 70S Ribosome-tRNA Complex Reveals Functional Interactions and Rearrangements.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.7167
1134V4Y|1|ACCrystal structure of the 70S Thermus thermophilus ribosome with translocated and rotated Shine-Dalgarno Duplex.X-RAY DIFFRACTION5.576
1144V4Y|1|ABCrystal structure of the 70S Thermus thermophilus ribosome with translocated and rotated Shine-Dalgarno Duplex.X-RAY DIFFRACTION5.576
1154V6F|1|CBElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
1164V6F|1|BBElongation complex of the 70S ribosome with three tRNAs and mRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.175
1173J46|1|aStructure of the SecY protein translocation channel in actionELECTRON MICROSCOPY10.175
1184WSD|1|1LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.9572
1194WT1|1|1LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0576
1204WQR|1|1LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.1573
1214WRO|1|1LComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0568
1224WT1|1|1KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with A-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0569
1234WQR|1|1KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the first position in the A-site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.1573
1244WSD|1|1KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-site and with antibiotic paromomycin.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.9570
1254WRO|1|1KComplex of 70S ribosome with tRNA-Phe and mRNA with C-A mismatch in the second position in the A-siteX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.0567
1264W2I|1|AWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.767
1274W2G|1|AWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5567
1284WPO|1|BWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.866
1291VY4|1|AWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.666
1301VY5|1|AWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5566
1314W2F|1|AWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.467
1324Y4P|1|1wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.567
1335J4B|1|1wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.667
1345J4C|1|1wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.867
1355J4C|1|2wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (soaked) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.8A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.865
1365J4B|1|2wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with cisplatin (co-crystallized) and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.665
1374Y4P|1|2wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome with rRNA modifications and bound to mRNA and A-, P- and E-site tRNAs at 2.5A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.565
1384W2F|1|CWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with amicoumacin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.465
1394W2G|1|CWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with pactamycin (soaked), mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5565
1404WPO|1|DWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with elongation factor G in the pre-translocational stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.864
1411VY4|1|CWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the pre-attack state of peptide bond formation containing acylated tRNA-substrates in the A and P sites.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.664
1421VY5|1|CWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in the post-catalysis state of peptide bond formation containing dipeptydil-tRNA in the A site and deacylated tRNA in the P site.X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5564
1434W2I|1|CWCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with negamycin, mRNA and three deacylated tRNAs in the A, P and E sitesX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.765
1445DOY|1|1wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.668
1454Z3S|1|1wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.6567
1464Z3S|1|2wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic A201A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.65A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.6566
1475DOY|1|2wCrystal structure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with antibiotic Hygromycin A, mRNA and three tRNAs in the A, P and E sites at 2.6A resolutionX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.667
1484V5C|1|AYStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.375
1494V5C|1|CYStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A-site tRNA, deacylated P-site tRNA, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.375
1504V5D|1|AYStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.575
1514V5D|1|CYStructure of the Thermus thermophilus 70S ribosome in complex with mRNA, paromomycin, acylated A- and P-site tRNAs, and E-site tRNA.X-RAY DIFFRACTION3.575
1523JBV|1|VMechanisms of Ribosome Stalling by SecM at Multiple Elongation StepsELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.3276
1534V7C|1|AVStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.676
1544V7D|1|BVStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA*EF-G structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.676
1554V7C|1|AWStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.676
1564V9D|1|AVStructures of the bacterial ribosome in classical and hybrid states of tRNA bindingX-RAY DIFFRACTION376
1574V7D|1|BWStructure of the Ribosome with Elongation Factor G Trapped in the Pre-Translocation State (pre-translocation 70S*tRNA*EF-G structure)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY7.676
1584V9H|1|AVCrystal structure of the ribosome bound to elongation factor G in the guanosine triphosphatase stateX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.8674
1593JCD|1|9Structure of Escherichia coli EF4 in posttranslocational ribosomes (Post EF4)ELECTRON MICROSCOPY3.776
1603FOZ|1|CStructure of E. coli Isopentenyl-tRNA transferase in complex with E. coli tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.574
1612ZM5|1|CCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5574
1622ZXU|1|CCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe) and DMASPPX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.7574
1632ZXU|1|DCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe) and DMASPPX-RAY DIFFRACTION2.7569
1642ZM5|1|DCrystal structure of tRNA modification enzyme MiaA in the complex with tRNA(Phe)X-RAY DIFFRACTION2.5569
1654V9C|1|CVAllosteric control of the ribosome by small-molecule antibioticsX-RAY DIFFRACTION3.376
1664WOI|1|AX4,5-linked aminoglycoside antibiotics regulate the bacterial ribosome by targeting dynamic conformational processes within intersubunit bridge B2X-RAY DIFFRACTION376
1673L0U|1|AThe crystal structure of unmodified tRNAPhe from Escherichia coliX-RAY DIFFRACTION373
1685IQR|1|6Structure of RelA bound to the 70S ribosomeELECTRON MICROSCOPY367
1695AFI|1|y2.9A Structure of E. coli ribosome-EF-TU complex by cs-corrected cryo-EMELECTRON MICROSCOPY2.967
1704V6K|1|BBStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY8.2566
1714V6L|1|ABStructural insights into cognate vs. near-cognate discrimination during decoding.ELECTRON MICROSCOPY13.266